The Impact of Work Motivation, Job Stress, Insecurity, and Engagement on Turnover Intention


  • Shiraz Ahmed Assistant Professor, Management & HRM Department Institute of Business Management
  • Dr. Junaid Ansari Assistant Professor, Management & HRM Department Institute of Business Management
  • Nazneen Kanwal Institute of Business Management
  • Nusrat Kurio Institute of Business Management


Covid19, Job insecurity, Job stress, Job engagement, work motivation, turnover intention, self –determination theory


The purpose of the study is to examine the impact of Covid19 on various work-related outcomes, for example, job insecurity, stress, engagement, work motivation, and turnover intention of the Primary School teachers in Karachi. The study will help the school administrations to plan/intervene to increase their talent pool in the Covid19 crisis. A survey questionnaire was distributed among primary school teachers of Karachi via Whatsapp, Facebook, and other social media platforms. We received a total of 311 responses and after handling missing data and outliers, only 278 responses were left, which were then further analyzed using SPSS and AMOS for regression analysis. The results found that there is a significant impact of Job insecurity, stress, and engagement on turnover intention. While there is no significant impact of work motivation found on turnover intention, which does not support the self-determination theory of motivation. This research will help schools/institutions to retain their employees who are dedicated and engaged in their job and produce positive outcomes for the company /schools. But the results of this study cannot be generalized over a large population of Karachi because it gathered data from only a few teachers working in Private Schools of Karachi while leaving other parts of the population untouched.